Surface Mining

Surface mining, method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are:

  1. Open Pit Mining
  2. Strip Mining
  3. Quarriying

Qualifications: 62869 - Rockbreaking: Surface Excavations

Skills Programs for the "Above" mentioned Qualification.

Competent Person B

People credited with this skills program are able to install, maintain and remove any support unit in surface mining excavations in accordance with the Fall of Ground Regulations.

Competent Person A

People with this skills programme comply with the Fall-of-Ground regulations promulgated by the Minister of Minerals and Energy. The regulations require a competent person to examine and make safe a workplace (Competent Person A) and determine that such competence will vest in a candidate having achieved the requirements of the relevant skills program registered with the Mining Qualifications Authority

Blasting Assistant

People with this skills program will be able to comply with part of the Explosives Usage at Mines and Works Regulations under the Mine Health and Safety Act in terms of the competencies specified for blasting assistants but excluding the duties covered by the Skills Programme for the Management of Explosives Magazines on Mines and Quarries.

Explosive magazines

People with this skills programme will be able to comply with the requirements of the Chief Inspector of Explosives as well as the Explosives Usage Mines Regulations under the MHSA in terms of explosives materials storage.

Gas Testing

By successfully completing the skills program learners will be able to identify and test for gases in surface excavations (coal)

Operate Mobile Machinery

People credited with this Skills Programme are able to operate mobile machinery in surface mining and quarrying operations.


Operate a Rigid Dump Truck
Operate a Drill Rig
Operate an Excavator
Operate a Front End Loader
Operate a Face Shovel
Operate a Dozer
Operate a Tractor Loader Backhoe
Operate a Hydraulic Rock breaker
Operate a Motor Grader
Operate a Skid Steer Loader
Drill holes using a Small Diameter Rotary Drill
Drill holes using Down the Hole Drill
Operate a mechanical core drill
Hand Operated Fire Fighting Equipment
Deploy drill string to retrieve gravel
Prepare drill string for retrieving gravel
Recover Drill String
Support Drill String operations
Support drilling operations in surface mining
Handle dimension stone blocks by means of FEL
Drill holes for blasting or splitting
Drill intersecting holes for diamond wire sawing
Supervise the process of small bore drilling
Drill medium diameter blast holes
Operate a mixer-placer explosives truck
Drill small blast holes with a precision drill
Knowledge and ability to work in a surface mine
Repair a rotary drill
Remove and replace (OTR) wheels and tyres
Move trailing cable using cable Reeler
Relocate material using a Dragline
Deliver compressed air using a mobile compressor
Transport and distribute explosives (Light)
Transport and distribute explosives (Heavy)
Relocate machines and equipment using a lowbed
Filling blasting holes with mixer truck
Doze material using a rubber wheel dozer
Transport material and equipment using a flat back
Transport personnel material and equipment (Light)
De-water blast holes (Vehicle de-watering pump)
Bar down loose rocks using appropriate equipment
Prepare and mark off work area for drilling
Suppress dust using a water bowser
Illuminate an area using a lighting plant
Transport and distribute fuel using a Fuel Bowser
health and safety
Operate a service truck
Demonstrate an understanding of drilling technique
Operate Mobile Machinery for Surface Excavation Op